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The 12 Foundation Stones in New Jerusalem

"The wall of the city was built on foundation stones inlaid with twelve precious stones the first was jasper, the second sapphire, the third agate, the fourth emerald, the fifth onyx, the sixth carnelian, the seventh chrysolite, the eighth beryl, the ninth topaz, the tenth chrysoprase, the eleventh jacinth, the twelfth amethyst." (Revelation 21:19) 
In the past century, it has been discovered that gems can be classified as either anisotropic or isotropic, and only recently have scientists discovered cross polarized light, which can be used to identify whether a gem is anisotropic or isotropic. When viewed in crossed-polarised light (similar to “pure” light), anisotropic stones produce a colourful array- reflecting all the colours of the rainbow, whereas isotropic stones lose all of their colour and appear black.

It's interesting that, in Revelation chapter 21, there are 12 gems mentioned to be inlaid for decoration of the New Jerusalem, and ALL of these 12 gems are anisotropic gems, i.e., gems that can show colourful patterns under pure light...

Interestingly, neither diamond, rubies or garnets are mentioned, despite the fact that these group of gems are very very common! For instance, the precious stones are generally considered to be diamond, ruby, sapphire and emerald, with all other gemstones being semi-precious. Turns out, it’s because they are isotropic, when pure light passes trough them, there is no beauty at all...

"For wisdom is better than rubies; and all the things that may be desired are not to be compared to it." (Proverbs 8:11)

What are the odds? 

Of the 28 stones that are normally regarded as gemstones, only 16 are anisotropic. Since anisotropic behaviour has only been discovered in the last century (and John wrote Revelation almost 2000 years ago), the odds of 12 stones picked randomly being in that one group, is about 1 in 1,000! In fact, this analysis assumes that all gems have the same probability of being included, but this is not the case (as some gems are considered more precious than others). Hence, the actual probability is much much lower than 1 in 1,000 for naming all the 12 gems, that are all anisotropic gems, in the book of Revelation! 

Keep in mind that there are a few assumptions being made here, i.e. the stones are a literal description of heaven (which I believe are) and that the light in heaven will be like “pure” light, which emanates through the gems...

Could it be possible that God, in choosing the stones for the foundation of the new temple, deliberately avoided stones that would lose their colour and instead chose stones that disperse light to produce brilliant rainbow effects? 
"...and there was a rainbow round about the throne, in sight like unto an emerald." (Revelation 4:3) 


  1. Awesome......post for sure and just goes to show how AMAZING GOD is!!!!

    1. Truely he is incredbly amazing GOD!!!!!!

    2. the 12 foundations of the new Jerusalem reminds me of aaron's ephod somehow ,that the high priest wore that had the stones signifying the 12 tribes of israel...

      exodus 28...
      9 “Take two onyx stones and engrave on them the names of the sons of Israel 10 in the order of their birth—six names on one stone and the remaining six on the other. 11 Engrave the names of the sons of Israel on the two stones the way a gem cutter engraves a seal. Then mount the stones in gold filigree settings 12 and fasten them on the shoulder pieces of the ephod as memorial stones for the sons of Israel.

      ....17“You shall mount on it four rows of stones; the first row shall be a row of ruby, topaz and emerald; 18and the second row a turquoise, a sapphire and a diamond; 19and the third row a jacinth, an agate and an amethyst; 20and the fourth row a beryl and an onyx and a jasper; they shall be set in gold filigree. 21“The stones shall be according to the names of the sons of Israel: twelve, according to their names; they shall be like the engravings of a seal, each according to his name for the twelve tribes.

      exodus 39...
      The Breastpiece
      8 They fashioned the breastpiece—the work of a skilled craftsman. They made it like the ephod: of gold, and of blue, purple and scarlet yarn, and of finely twisted linen. 9 It was square—a span long and a span wide—and folded double. 10 Then they mounted four rows of precious stones on it. The first row was carnelian, chrysolite and beryl; 11 the second row was turquoise, lapis lazuli and emerald; 12 the third row was jacinth, agate and amethyst; 13 the fourth row was topaz, onyx and jasper. They were mounted in gold filigree settings. 14 There were twelve stones, one for each of the names of the sons of Israel, each engraved like a seal with the name of one of the twelve tribes.snip...

      revs 21...
      10And he carried me away in the Spirit to a mountain great and high, and showed me the holy city of Jerusalem coming down out of heaven from God, 11shining with the glory of God. Its radiance was like a most precious jewel, like a jasper, clear as crystal. 12The city had a great and high wall with twelve gates inscribed with the names of the twelve tribes of Israel, and twelve angels at the gates. 13There were three gates on the east, three on the north, three on the south, and three on the west. 14The wall of the city had twelve foundations bearing the names of the twelve apostles of the Lamb.snip...

      18The wall was made of jasper, and the city itself of pure gold, as pure as glass. 19The foundations of the city walls were adorned with every kind of precious stone: The first foundation was jasper, the second sapphire, the third chalcedony, the fourth emerald, 20the fifth sardonyx, the sixth carnelian, the seventh chrysolite, the eighth beryl, the ninth topaz, the tenth chrysoprase, the eleventh jacinth, and the twelfth amethyst.

      21And the twelve gates were twelve pearls, with each gate consisting of a single pearl. The main street of the city was pure gold, as pure as transparent glass.snip...

      Ok, that's wild...the wall foundations were... 14The wall of the city had twelve foundations bearing the names of the twelve apostles of the Lamb.

      Where the stones on the high priest ephod different from the foundation stone of the New Jerusalem? Something to ponder!

    3. Definitely something to ponder. I like studying questions like yours, because God does EVERYTHING with purpose.

  2. tremendous..a blessing to read

  3. And to ensure that forevermore there will be light! Is amazing...

  4. Thank you for the insight. I believe Christians are meant to reflect the glory of Jesus Christ brilliantly. Rather than absorb it in themselves Wonderful !

  5. According to Revelation 21, 10 and 11,a Jasper stone is described thusly: ....he ..( the angel ) showed me that great city, the Holy Jerusalem, descending out of Heaven from God, having the glory of God, and her light was like unto a stone most precious, even like a Jasper stone, clear as crystal; This sounds to me like a diamond. For the first foundation stone, brilliant and the strongest of stones.

  6. Dont forget the pearly gates and streets of gold. I can't wait to see what this will look like . Praise God for his love and specific descriptions of the New Holy City!

  7. Did some more digging...the wall foundations of the New Jerusalem being the apostles, not the tribes of Israel...

    Matthew 19...
    28 Jesus answered:

    Yes, all of you have become my followers. And so in the future world, when the Son of Man sits on his glorious throne, I promise that you will sit on twelve thrones to judge the twelve tribes of Israel.

    luke 22...
    28 You have stayed with me in all my troubles. 29 So I will give you the right to rule as kings, just as my Father has given me the right to rule as a king. 30 You will eat and drink with me in my kingdom, and you will each sit on a throne to judge the twelve tribes of Israel.

  8. Thank you for the great search.
    Jasper was last in the old testament and became first in Rev 21

  9. Amazing ,all the glory to our lord Jesus

  10. God's magnificent wisdom, insight, knowledge and majesty never fail to amaze!! This is so interesting! Someone mentioned the stones on Aaron's breastplate. I wonder...each stone represents one of the 12 tribes of Israel. They were not all pure; they were not all brilliant or good; some were steadfast, some were weak and brittle... perhaps, God in His splendid knowledge, chose stones that accurately represent each tribe's characteristics???

    1. I support this assumption, amazing, everything meant something, HE does all with great precision!!

  11. Thank you so much,
    This got drops of tears out of my eyes, how amazing and all knowing GOD is. Thank you

  12. I am very GREATFUL for these very enlightening words,I have met many of CHRISTIANS who dont belive in crystals or are totally against them. How very misled they are to be so narrow minded can't wait to do a sermon on this one. Thank you so very much for your very wise and inligh ting facts SINCERLY Christine lawrence

    1. Replying to Christine L., I recently a few months ago discovered crystals/stones for well being, I was reluctant at first because I thought this was against God.. I recently have had an enlightening ahha moment in that if stones are mentioned in the bible and are in Heaven so then why wouldnt they be okay. God is so Amazing!
      Sincerly Anonymous

  13. Also look at the composition of the stones