Cosmological Argument (Proof God Exists)

Premise 1 – Something exists
Premise 2 – Nothing cannot create something
Conclusion – Something must have always existed

1. Something Exists- is a very basic premise that almost everyone agrees on. In our case, that something is the universe.

2. Nothing Cannot Create Something-
The definition of nothing is no-thing. It isn’t anything, and it doesn’t have the power to do anything. Nothing can also be defined as the state of non-being.

3. Something Must Have Always Existed-
We know that there must have been something that has always existed in order to bring the thing that now exists (the universe), into existence.If we say this isn’t true, then we’re also saying that it’s possible for the universe to have come from nothing, and we know this is impossible because of premise number two.

Anything that has come into existence must have a cause. So What is the Something That Must Have Always Existed? There are only two options if we’re following the logic given in the cosmological argument.

1) Either the universe has always existed or 
2) Something outside the universe has always existed

Scientific evidence shows us that the universe hasn’t always existed. Here are some of the evidences that support that the universe did begin at a certain point of time:

1.  The Second Law of Thermodynamics

The Second Law of Thermodynamics states that the amount of usable energy in a closed system, like in the case of the universe, is decreasing. In other words, the amount of usable energy is dying out just like the batteries die in your flashlight. If a closed system like the universe is in fact running out of energy, then the universe can’t be eternal because a finite amount of energy could never have brought the universe through an eternity of time.

2.  The Universe is Expanding

In 1929, Edwin Hubble, made a discovery that the universe is expanding. Once scientists understood that the universe was expanding, they realized that it would have been smaller in the past. At some point historically, the entire universe would have been a single point. This point is what many people refer to as the Big Bang, which is the point when our universe began to exist.

3.  The Cosmic Background Radiation describes the Cosmic Background Radiation as, “The left-over heat from the fireball of the Big Bang in which the Universe was born 13.7 billion years ago.” While the age of the earth is speculation by scientists, most do agree that the Cosmic Background Radiation does point to a finite universe that has a specific age. 

For loads more evidence of a young universe see here. So to recap, here’s the cosmological argument which offers proof for the existence of God:

-Something exists (the universe)
-Nothing can’t create something
-Therefore, something must have always existed in order to cause the universe into existence
-The universe didn’t always exist
-Therefore, something outside of the universe must have always existed

When we examine the universe, we can conclude that the Creator must be:

-Non-spatial (exists outside of time, space, and matter)
-Infinitely powerful because He created this vast thing we call the universe
-Supremely intelligent because He created the universe with immaculate precision
-Personal because He chose to convert a state of nothingness into the time-space-material universe (an impersonal force has no ability to make choices)

When we take a look at all of these characteristics, we see that they are the characteristics that are attributed to God.

Atheists usually say that if we follow the logic in the argument, then God must have had a creator too. However, the cosmological argument only states that everything that came into existence must have a cause. God didn’t come into existence, He always was, is, and will forever be. The cosmological argument points to the first cause of the universe as Someone that has always existed. That is a part of the argument. The argument points that there must be something that did not have a cause.